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Cloud Migration Strategy Guide

Modern business enterprises are realizing the capability of cloud-native technologies for driving business growth. Cloud adoption rates are flying up in the market after being introduced by Amazon and Salesforce in the early 2000s. However, shifting your workload to a cloud environment is not a piece of cake. Many organizations fail to take advantage of the full potential of the cloud architecture, and their initiatives are halted when the migration is not followed methodically. A cloud migration strategy can rescue this situation by streamlining the cloud-shifting process with an appropriate approach. 

This comprehensive guide will give you a thorough understanding of the cloud migration roadmap by covering the key factors influencing migration and a step-by-step process toward a successful cloud migration.

Let us begin with the basic understanding of cloud migration strategy.

What is a Cloud Migration Strategy 

A cloud migration strategy is a structured plan for moving all workloads, software architecture, applications, and other IT assets to the cloud environment. It is a documented strategy that allows enterprises to validate resources most efficiently to accelerate a smooth transition from an on-premise architecture to the cloud. This plan can guide your team to ensure the new change does not impact the existing operations. 

An experienced IT consultant can help you create a roadmap for the migration plan to guide you on how, when, and how the components will be shifted. Platforms like Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and GCP can accelerate the migration journey in the best way.

Benefits of Migration Strategy from On-Premise to Cloud

Migrating existing system infrastructure to the cloud can provide you with numerous benefits. Here are a few of them discussed:

  1. Cost Savings: Moving to the cloud can provide cost savings as there are no equipment and infrastructure costs. You can make your shift easy with the pay-as-you-go model.
  2. Scalability: Adopting a cloud migration strategy is beneficial for businesses to scale resources during peak times. You can expand into new markets by acquiring new customers.
  3. Accessibility: With cloud data storage, businesses can access critical data and applications from the comfort of homes. Likewise, software downtime will not affect the operations.
  4. Security: Organizations can improve security with cloud migration. A trusted web and app development agency can provide instant data backup and recovery options by ensuring timely updates and blocking unwanted traffic.
  5. Performance: Fortunately, cloud migration decisions can facilitate tools for business process optimization, which in turn improves performance and end-user experience.

What are the Key Considerations in Developing a Cloud Migration Strategy?

Shifting your workload to the public cloud is a big decision. Plenty of questions come to mind when moving to a cloud strategy. This is followed up by a cloud readiness assessment to better understand existing resources by reviewing the current environment and carefully planning to meet future expectations. You need to consider six things for a seamless cloud transition.

    1. Infrastructure Stack

While doing cloud migration planning, you need to determine if the infrastructure provided by the provider is compatible with the existing software components. It means you must consider OS, data storage, server configurations, and networks to recognize dependencies and interconnections between the systems. Plus, you must evaluate if your CPU is strong enough to run those applications and if the machine can run with sufficient RAM.

    2. Cost Reduction

Migrating to the cloud involves an upfront cost and investment involving purchasing resources for switching to SaaS and training costs for employees administering the system. When thoroughly testing your infrastructure, you will identify what resources are kept as usual or which components must be refactored. In light of cloud cost management, it is prudent for businesses to adopt a hybrid setup to ensure cloud infrastructure works out cost-effectively in the long run.

    3. Interoperability

When shifting the workload to the cloud environment, ‘automation and orchestration’ are crucial in simplifying the interoperability capability. A seamless integration between the existing on-premise system and the cloud setup is essential for avoiding workflow disruptions. The purpose is to ensure that multiple applications can be accessed from a single place by looking closely into the refactoring code for the best use of the cloud infrastructure.

    4. Considering Financial Model

Enterprises must do a cloud cost analysis by determining current expenses and Total Cost of Ownership (TCO). Adopting cloud service models is an operational expense rather than a capital expenditure, but not when a vendor lock-in gives a discounted deal. Businesses can reduce unnecessary costs as the cloud migration is based on a pay-as-you-go approach which accelerates auto-scaling and right-sizing strategies.

    5. Security and Compliance

Security will always be a concern when transferring large volumes of data through cloud migration. Along with data security, privacy regulation is another important aspect that must be in place. When information or data is circulated through the internet, ensuring security encryptions, legislation for safe data transfer, and other regulatory mandates are pertinent. This can make data governance prominent while doing a seamless transition. 

    6. Cloud Provider 

Before you think of moving towards AWS cloud migration services, you have to analyze the cloud provider assisting you in the whole process. Besides considering the subscription fees, scrutinize the compatibility, security compliances, and infrastructure capacity. Choose a provider who cares about customer privacy and brings the best end-user experience.

Process for Successful Cloud Migration 

The best practices of cloud migration strategy can guide you through the entire process, which will depend upon the size of your business and the extent to which infrastructure is shifted. Here are five phases of a holistic cloud transformation for minimizing disruption and maximizing operational efficiency:

    1. Planning 

At this stage, you must assess cloud readiness by collecting all information regarding the current technical landscape. You have to determine your reasons for the move with assistance from the expertise of the specialist. Further, cloud architecture design patterns are carefully assessed and compared with the existing system to evaluate whether they match expectations.

    2. Choose Cloud Environment

While you have already decided upon your move, the question is which cloud model you would opt for. Depending on your needs, cloud setup options include public, hybrid, and multi-cloud. There are robust cloud platforms like AWS, Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP), which are scalable and flexible and offer the advantage of faster innovation. 

    3. Strategy Development 

The migration approach is brought forward by developing a strategy based on assessed results. This is the phase where the actual strategy takes place. Cloud migration strategies include lift and shift, refactoring, restructuring, repurchasing, and retaining. These strategies are carefully observed with a strategic planner for reconciling issues promptly. You must ensure that the infrastructure shift is proven to work in the new environment and that the operations have little or no risk.

    4. Migrate Data and Apps

Now, it is time for the migration phase, where workloads are shifted based on the strategy evaluated in the earlier stage. It will comprise cloud monitoring, adherence to cloud service level agreements, and security compliance, if applicable. In connection with real-time monitoring of migrated data, cloud data security through HIPAA and GDPR is prudent to ensure. 

    5. Validate Post-Migrate Success

Mere cloud migration is not enough to create efficiency. You must continuously determine cloud monitoring and logging techniques to evaluate if the strategy has worked in your favour. You can compare pre-hosting and post-hosting application performance to get an understanding backed by statistical facts. Plus, you need to work for improvements by working on feedback and identifying opportunities for cost savings to drive more excellent value for the business. 

Final Words! 

A cloud migration strategy, when adopted correctly, can lead a business in the long-term direction. Moreover, the process is time-consuming and detail-oriented, but it can be a worthy investment. This guide explores the key factors that your enterprise will have to assess before moving ahead, and the migration process creates a clear direction for a smooth shift. Top cloud migration companies can assist you in defining a  well-structured strategy for making your cloud transformation simpler.

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